Twinings Glossary


Refers to a plantation or state where tea is grown.


A London coffee house owned by Thomas Garway from which tea was sold in 1660.

Garway, Thomas

An early dealer in tea, based in London. In 1658, he advertised tea at a London coffee house known as the Sultaness Head. Two years later, he was selling tea at his own coffee house, Garraways.

George III (1738-1820)

George III was a king who liked to govern as well as reign. His determination not to grant concessions to North American colonists led Lord North to introduce the Tea Act of 1773. The Boston Tea Party was a response to the Tea Act. American Independence followed a few years later.

Golden Tip

A desirable feature resulting from good harvesting practices. Golden tips are the buds from the tea bush. Having absorbed natural juices during rolling the buds acquire a golden or silver colour after firing.

Golden Lyon

A symbol erected by Thomas Twining over his dry tea and coffee shop at 216 Strand. The lion, which became a timeless emblem of the Twinings company, still sits today above the shop at 216 Strand.

Gone Off

Tea which is not good because it is old, moldy or otherwise tainted.


Refers to tea well-made fannings and dust. Grainy in terms of leaf style could refer to any size of leaf. It refers to a well-made, even, granular style of leaf.


Describes an unpleasant astringency in black teas, which may be due to inadequate withering or fermentation. A rawness.

Green tea

A type of tea in which the leaves are withered, rolled, and fired but, unlike black or oolong, are not subject to a process of oxidation. Green tea most resembles the original green leaf. Green tea originated in China. Production is still confined to a few

Grey, Charles, 2nd Earl

(see Earl Grey)


A type of green tea which had been rolled into pellets.

Gyokoru tea

A prized Japanese green tea considered to be Japan’s finest grade of green tea, usually reserved for special occasions. The tea undergoes special handling at every stage of its growth where leaves are picked after a period of shading that concentrates the chlorophyll to provide a deep green colour and a sweeter taste. These teas are hand-fired resulting in tea which is rich to the taste and pleasing to the eye.